Conflenti (CZ)

The miracles of the Madonna della Visora

Conflenti is a small town lying on a hill surrounded by a charming and untouched natural environment, among green firs, chestnut trees and centuries-old oak trees and on the slopes of monte Reventino in the province of Catanzaro.
The town stands in the heart of Calabria, on the Tyrrhenian side, a few kilometres far from both the seaside and the Sila, and visitors can easily get to Conflenti through the region’s main roads.
Today, the Santuario della Madonna della Quercia di Visora, with its heritage of history and culture, is the reason why Conflenti is known worldwide.

The inhabited centre is surrounded by the south-west side of the Silan Plateau whose main peaks are represented by Monte Reventino, which is 1417 metres high. Conflenti preserves art masterpieces as well as agricultural, craft and food-and-wine traditions. Conflenti greets visitors with a vast and remarkable artistic and landscape heritage that is the result of thousand-year old interactions between man and nature.


Legend claims that the first settlement of the town was founded by the defeated soldiers of Pyrrhus, the renowned king of Epirus who fought against the Romans during the first Punic War. The injured soldiers were in despair after the defeat, crying together, cum-flentes in Latin, which gave the name to the town. The soldiers retired to the thick forests at the foot of Monte Raventino and the villages of Conflenti originated there.
Conflenti offers many places for spending pleasant hours outdoors in a truly spectacular natural setting including: Querciola (place where the madonna appeared and where a church was built in her honour and a large cross visible from the entire surrounding area), and the Spernuzzata that with its natural springs of mineral water makes summer picnics an unforgettable experience.
The skilful artisans of Conflenti Superiore produced baskets, barrels, furniture, silk, wrought iron, embroidery, fabrics, wax, honey, sweets. The workshops of baskets and barrel makers, who worked with chestnut wood, were very renowned. Women weavers produced linen, cotton and broom fabrics on ancient looms.


Oggi rimangono alcuni artigiani, specializzati nella produzione di cesti di castagno, che sapientemente modellano le lamine del legno, precedentemente messe a bagno e ne ottengono nache, un tempo utilizzate come culle per i neonati, tafarelle, spurtuni, panari, ventaglie. Le donne si dedicano, invece, alla lavorazione dei ricami fatti a mano ancora secondo un lungo e paziente metodo tradizionale.

Shrine of the Lady of Visora

In the years of the plague, Conflenti received a lot of attention due to a series of baffling facts that made the headlines around the Kingdom of Naples and even in the Vatican. These facts have been handed down as well as from tradition, also by a precious manuscript of the era containing the dossier drafted by the episcopal chancellor notary Nicolangelo Baratta in 1578-1579, when was assigned by the Bishop of Martirano, Perbenedetti, to ascertain their veracity, carrying out a real thorough investigation.
The dossier collects stories told by the witnesses of the visions to the episcopal chancellor Baratta, on the apparitions of "a great Lady surrounded by doves". The Madonna had the same message for all: the request of the building of a temple in Visora.
The laying of the first stone of the temple took place on 9 March 1580 and the works proceeded with incredible speed, so much so that after just seven months, the building was finished.
Subsequently a painting was made of the Madonna and placed in the new temple. In the morning of 9 July 1581, the painter Muzio Roblan arrived in Conflenti for the task and went to church together with a committee to decide on how to prepare and where to paint this image. As tradition tells us, on opening the door of the Temple, the painting had already been painted and placed in its rightful place. The occurrence seemed like a miracle. The image of the Virgin, wrapped in a blue mantle that descends from the head to the shoulders, stands out on a golden background. The Virgin depicted in this painting, miraculously defined and painted by angels, was chosen as a protector and patron of the citizens of Conflenti who undertook to keep lit night and day a lamp in front of her altar.
Today the Santuario della Madonna della Quercia di Visora (Shrine of our Lady of the Oak of Visora) is the reason why Conflenti is known worldwide. The interior of the temple is fascinating and the painting that created the miracle is kept safe on the altar. Several miraculous events have made the Madonna di Visora an important point of reference for many Calabrian people who come here to ask for healing. Today the devotion to Madonna di Visora is still so strong that the shrine welcomes worshippers every year who arrive in Conflenti in pilgrimage, especially during the period of the festivities that take place on the last Sunday of August.


Felici&Conflenti è un progetto centrato sulla ricerca e la trasmissione della cultura popolare della Calabria centrale, nato da una giovane generazione di musicisti, danzatori e ricercatori che hanno appreso e studiato la musica e la danza dell’area seguendo i musicisti di tradizione. Mossi dal desiderio di condividere e trasmettere la cultura coreutica e musicale dell’area del Reventino, il gruppo di ricercatori organizza iniziative culturali, sia sul territorio che all’estero, che culminano nella settimana intensiva di workshops che si tiene a Conflenti nei mesi estivi.
Al tempo stesso è un evento di turismo responsabile e culturale fondato sul contatto diretto col territorio e la collaborazione con realtà associative, sociali, agricole ed economiche dell’area. Un progetto in continua evoluzione, fondato sulla convivialità come momento di trasmissione orizzontale dei saperi in cui l’oralità ha un ruolo fondamentale. Ogni anno questa “Festa di Comunità” registra un’importante presenza turistica proveniente da tutta Europa attratta non solo dalla musica propria di questi luoghi ma dall’ospitalità di un’intera comunità.“Felici & Conflenti” non è un festival vero e proprio, non ci sono palchi e concerti: tutti i partecipanti suonano e danzano (siano essi musicisti di tradizione o iscritti ai workshop) nelle strade e nelle piazze del paese, durante i banchetti e le feste.

Felici&Conflenti: This sentence is based on the sound of the word “conflenti” which reminds that of the word “contenti” (which means “happy/ happily satisfied); the word “felici” means “happy”


In Conflenti, typical home-made delicacies are made by many families using local honey. Some of these recipes follow methods which date back to the ancient Greeks, rooted in the local culture so much so as to become a heritage that has made Conflenti's pastries and sweets renowned all over Italy.
Typical sweets not to be missed are Mostacciuoli, better known as ‘e mastazzola, typical sweets of Calabria and more specifically, Conflenti made with a base of flour and honey. A typical custom was to make one large enough to symbolise the wedding ring that was delivered to the groom's house to suggest that the bride was ready. Upon receiving it, the spouses broke the “mostacciolo” into two parts and whoever had taken the larger half, would have been the "head" of the family. Obviously, the groom's mother made clever short cuts to ensure that her son, who would have known about it, took the favourite piece.
During Easter, the delicious aroma of “Cuzzupa” (a typical sweet during this period) fills the streets of Conflenti. The “cuzzupa” is a sweet symbol for the Easter period as it actually marks the end of fasting during Lent. Precisely, the whole egg placed on the sweet represents the rebirth and resurrection.



Address via Marconi
  88040 Conflenti (CZ)
Phone number 0968.64054
Fax 0968.64487


Conflenti preserves an ancient historical center still intact, characterized by stone houses huddled together, climbing up and down the slopes and nestling in an untouched natural landscape, with water springs and silent forests. In the old town, narrow streets (vinelle) were once the center of local economic and social life. Conflenti can boast the beautiful and elegant 18th-century tuff gates that were sculpted and carved by local stonemasons of the time. A large number of churches and worship places form the rich artistic and cultural heritage of Conflenti. There are many other places to visit, like the water mills and the paths leading to ancient wooden bridges and rural houses that were once the heart of local agricultural life.

The rich artistic and cultural heritage of Conflenti includes a large number of churches and sacred places. The Church of Sant’Andrea keeps two wooden panel paintings dating to 1600, and reproducing Our Lady of Sorrows and John the Apostle, and a fine wooden statue representing Saint Andrew. The Church of San Nicola di Bari was erected in the 15th century with a three-nave layout and side chapels; it was damaged by earthquakes and flooding, and closed. The church of Madonna di Loreto presents a remarkable arched tuff gate with a broken tympanum defined on each side by coupled acroteria. The 17th-century Church of Immacolata houses the wooden statue of the Immaculate Conception, while the central nave pulpit still stands in its original place. The Church of Apparizione keeps the paintings of the Maltese Father Nathanael Theuma who was in charge of the restoration of the church. The Diocesan Refuge of S. Maria della Bellezza stands near the church of Apparizione. The Monastery of S. Maria di S. Damiano, still under construction, will host the cloistered nuns of the Order of the Poor Clares. Conflenti is the destination of many religious tourists, being one of the most frequently visited places of worship in Calabria. The town is renowned for the Sanctuary Basilica Maria SS. delle Grazie della Quercia in Visora. It was erected in 1580 near an oak where several apparitions of the Virgin Mary occurred. The three-nave building was remodeled several times over the centuries. The façade date to late 19th century. Ionic and Doric columns are present along the perimeter of the building, drawing attention to the upper glass windows. The arcade supported by Ionian pilasters and the above balcony are remarkable. The Divine Picture stands on the main altar and reproduces the image of the Virgin Mary and her Child. The Virgin in the picture, considered to be miraculous and painted by angels, became the patron saint of Conflenti. Three paintings by Zimatore and Grillo from Pizzo Calabro can be admired on the ceiling of the main nave. A 17th-century marble statue reproducing Madonna and Child and four canvases by the Neapolitan painter Father Stefano Macario, deserve to be mentioned. Outside the Sanctuary, a centuries-old elm stands. Although gaunt, the tree is considered one of the monuments of the town.