The original urban structure of Cittanova dates to 1600. The origins of Cittanova people, however, are much more ancient. They are the descendants of the population, mainly peasants and shepherds, but also merchants and valets, who lived in “Fondaco”, a little scattered hamlet where there is still a street with that name, and in the districts of Catena, Cerchieto and Torre. The small villages together were known as Casal Novo already in the 15th century. Today Cittanova is renowned as the City of the Stock-fish.