Cerchiara di Calabria is sheltered at the foot of Mt. Séllaro, at an altitude of 700 m. The ruined Medieval castle overlooks the town and Sibari Plain. According to some historians, the origins of the town are very ancient, dating to pre-Hellenic age. Monuments and works of art, together with evocative views and fascinating landscapes, characterize Cerchiara. Nature is colorful and bright: the grey of the rocks plunges into the shimmering colors of the plain. Season nuances shade the plain in tones of green, and the sea changes its color from intense blue to bright silver. The wide plain, that was once the land of the ancient Sybaris people, can be admired entirely till it disappears in the distance against the pre-Sila mountains, or blends south-east with Capo Trionto and Punta Alice. Archaeological relics found in the area indicate that the first settlements in Cerchiara date back to the Paleolithic period and the beginning of the Greek and Roman Age. Some scholars maintained that Cerchiara probably occupy the ancient site of Arponium. Definite evidences, however, concerns only the Byzantine period when, under the name of Ciclarium, it was the center of a very important Monastery area. As for its etymology, some people assume it derives from the oak trees that grow spontaneously in the nearby (so Querciaia (oak grove), Querciara, Cerchiara). Others believe that the origin of the name comes from the Jewish word kirkis (hot) for the presence of a sulfurous water spring, or from the Greek kirkos or Latin circus referred to the circle of mountains surrounding the town or the circular fortified walls that protected the area against Saracen raids. Cerchiara di Calabria offers visitors the possibility of walking in the countryside and hiking in the Pollino mountains. In the forest called dell'Acqua Rossa, there is an equipped area and trekking path to Mt Sellaro. The Grotta delle Ninfe (Cave of the Nymphs), an ancient health spa already renowned among Sybaris inhabitants, can be visited. The Caves of Cerchiara, instead, can be accessed by skilled hikers only.