The ancient town of Crucoli has a medieval layout characterized by narrow streets and paths. The ruined Norman castle, the Main Church of SS Pietro e Paolo and Palazzo Palopoli, presently the town hall, stand in the area. Near Crucoli the “Bosco di Gatta” stands: it is a nature area for recreational use 180-300 m high above the sea level. The Sanctuary of Manipuglia is halfway between Crucoli and Torretta; it probably dates to the 14th century and keeps a remarkable Byzantine-style fresco in a little dome right of the altar. Crucoli renowned food product is “sardella”, also called South or poor caviar, that mingles mountain and sea ingredients. Sardella contains whitebait spiced with Calabrian chili pepper and wild herbs. There are different hypotheses on the etimology of Crucoli. Barrio suggested that it derived from the Latin cara bonum. Alessio, in his Essay on Calabrian toponymy, used Carciculum or Corciculum. The foundation of Crucoli is strictly connected to its name. According to Gianteseo Casoppero, a 17th-century humanist, the hamlet was settled in the 12th century, during Turk invasion. Smurra maintains that “for the Greek people, it was easy to climb up the slopes and settle in the hills they called Kara Kolos". The local historian Antonino Celsi stated that the first inhabitants of Crucoli were the Oenotrians in Pre-Roman Calabria. He also described the Morgeti people who fought against the Itali, as reported by the Sicilian historian Antiochus. Celsi confirmed that Bruttians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Swabians and Normans settled in the area. According to Ernesto Paolopoli, a scholar from Crucoli, the first settlements of present-day Crucoli date to 9th-10th centuries and feudal period, when the Castle was erected. Paolopoli assumed that Crucoli district corresponded to the ancient Latin hamlet of Paternum, that disappeared due to 7th-century Turk raids. Toretta was probably an important itinerary station along the Ionian Trajanic road; it stood about 27 miles from Rossano and 32 miles from Meto. In his work, Pericle Maone reports information about the feudal families that ruled Crucoli.