CAULONIA

Caulonia is a large town in the Province of Reggio Calabria. It stands on three hills and has partially maintained its Medieval structure, though architectural elements of Byzantine origins and several 17th-and-18th-century buildings are present. Of great interest is the archaeological area located near Monasterace Marina. Some of the artifacts found in the area are kept in the National Museum of Reggio Calabria. Caulonia Marina lies on the seaside and has many beach resorts and tourist accommodations. During the Roman Age it was named Castrum Vetus, while in the Middle Age it was called Castelvetere after the 11th- century Norman castle. The discovery of some Greek and Roman structures in the Focà-Mattanusa area induced some local experts to believe that they were the remains of the ancient Kaulon. For this reason, the town was called Caulonia, though the actual location of the Magna-Graecia city was later discovered by Paolo Orsi near the lighthouse of Punta Stilo in Monasterace. In 1945, a popular uprising led to the proclamation of the Republic of Caulonia; the riot was suppressed by a military operation in few weeks.




 


Address Via Roma
  89041 Caulonia (RC)
Phone number 0964 860811
Fax 0964 860833
Website www.comune.caulonia.rc.it
 

 

The town has enchanting squares, timeless charming houses and buildings. The old village is well preserved and hosts the remains of the Medieval castle, the beautiful fresco with Christ Pantocrator in the Church of S. Zaccaria, the Main Church with the15th-century monumental grave of Vincenzo Carafa and the Church of Immacolata that preserves significant 18th-century artworks.

Caulonia territory includes the enchanting Sanctuary of Santa Maria di Crochi (17th century), submerged by the flooded Amusa river and re-built at the end of the 19th century. In the Church dedicated to Saint Zaccaria, a byzantine fresco reproducing the Christ Pantocrator with Saint Silvester and Barbara can be admired.

The Norman Castle was restored by the Carafa family, the 15th-century Princes of Roccella: at present, only the remains of the walls and gates of the town are visible. The Tower of Cavallari (15th century) stands in Casiglia district and it was one of the watchtowers that formed the coastal lookout system.



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