Caulonia is a large town in the Province of Reggio Calabria. It stands on three hills and has partially maintained its Medieval structure, though architectural elements of Byzantine origins and several 17th-and-18th-century buildings are present. Of great interest is the archaeological area located near Monasterace Marina. Some of the artifacts found in the area are kept in the National Museum of Reggio Calabria. Caulonia Marina lies on the seaside and has many beach resorts and tourist accommodations. During the Roman Age it was named Castrum Vetus, while in the Middle Age it was called Castelvetere after the 11th- century Norman castle. The discovery of some Greek and Roman structures in the Focà-Mattanusa area induced some local experts to believe that they were the remains of the ancient Kaulon. For this reason, the town was called Caulonia, though the actual location of the Magna-Graecia city was later discovered by Paolo Orsi near the lighthouse of Punta Stilo in Monasterace. In 1945, a popular uprising led to the proclamation of the Republic of Caulonia; the riot was suppressed by a military operation in few weeks.